Gum and Bone Disease Therapy
Did you know that most people lose teeth from gum disease and not from cavities? Dr. Farahani and her team of hygienists are committed to using all of their expertise in the treatment of your mouth.
Gum and bone disease is clinically known as periodontal disease. Gum disease is actually a bacterial infection that affects the soft tissues and bone supporting your teeth. These bacterial infections are not just confined to your teeth and mouth since the bacteria may enter your bloodstream and travel to other areas of your body. The infection can also contribute to significant whole-body health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, cancer, premature and low birth weight babies.
How We Care for Your Gums
During every preventive, continuing-care hygiene visit, our hygienist will measure the level of gum and bone surrounding each tooth. This process is vital since periodontal disease involves the progressive and often painless loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, which, if left undiagnosed or untreated, can lead to tooth mobility, abscess formation, and eventual tooth loss. These visits are recommended at time intervals based on your bacterial disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Since there is not much pain associated with gingivitis, which is the early stage of gum disease, it is essential to know the signs to look for. In addition to maintaining healthy levels of the jawbone, factors that may indicate the early stages of periodontal disease are:
- Swollen and bleeding gums during brushing, flossing, and sometimes even after eating hard foods
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Receding gums, which make teeth appear elongated
- Sensitivity on exposed root surfaces
There is also a strong risk factor associated with family genetics, which would make a patient more susceptible to dental disease.
Treating Your Gum Disease
Treatment of periodontal disease is addressed with a carefully established treatment plan that typically begins with a test of your saliva. To help Dr. Farahani avoid the use of unnecessary antibiotics, this screening shows her which bacteria are present and how many of those bacteria are living in your mouth. She is able to pinpoint the exact antibiotic that would be effective against your mouth's infection and use the minimal dose required to be therapeutic. With Dr. Farahani's guidance, you may also elect to have us test for an important genetic factor that would show your personal tendency to respond to the bacterial infection. Once this important pre-treatment testing is done, there are usually 2-4 appointments needed to complete the deep scaling and removal of plaque and calculus (tartar) below the gum line. Additionally, an antibiotic solution is flushed deep into the pockets to help destroy any lingering bacteria, Along with your treatment, it may be recommended that you have preliminary restorative dental procedures to eliminate rough, plaque-retaining, older fillings or crowns which may have outlived their usefulness. Surgery is advised for severe cases of periodontal disease.
Always remember there are varying levels for hygiene care and these other levels need to be part of your conversation with Dr. Farahani, and our hygienists. Doing a "basic cleaning” with active and progressive disease present can be harmful to your body.
You can always contact our office if you would like to learn more. And remember, “it’s not just a cleaning.” It is about removing active harmful bacteria and disease to maintain your whole body wellness!